Originea pechinezului este China. În această țară, exemplarele rasei se găseau exclusiv la palatul împăratului. Apare documentat faptul că micii blănoși îi țineau companie împăratului și anturajului său deja în secolul al XVII-lea. Erau considerați deosebit de prețioși și au fost crescuți cu cea mai mare grijă. Era foarte important pentru împăratul chinezesc ca pechinezii – numiți și câini leu – să nu fie duși în afara granițelor împărăției. În cel de-al doilea război al opiului din 1860 însă, trupele britanice au răpit cinci pechinezi. Unul dintre ei i-a fost dăruit Reginei Victoria. Din celelalte patru exemplare s-a dezvoltat prima canisă de pechinezi din Europa. Astfel, acești câini miniatură au devenit populari în întreaga Europă și au rămas așa până în prezent.
Charakter and Temperament
The Pekingese unite vigilance and self-confidence with devotion. It is a faithful small dog, but treats strangers with arrogance and distance. Because of its bold character, the Pekingese is a quite willful dog, which needs a lot of attention from its owner.
It is very important for the Pekingese’s obstinacy, that it gets to know other dogs. The Pekingese has to learn to edge down sometimes.
The Pekingese does not play a lot. It is a intelligent, selfconfident, brave dog, which is also devoted and cuddly. Because of its character the Pekingese is a perfect family dog. This race has a strong affection to his owner/s.
The Pekingese has a small, balanced and compact body, which should weight maximum 5.4 kg and should be about 20 cm high. Representative for this race is the relatively big head with foregoing big eyes, the short nose and the flat face profile. Their faces are pigmented black.
Its tail is high appointed and curved, so that its hair is like a pompom. Pekingeses have thick, long, straight hair in all colours. Their hair is quite hard. This needs a lot of care, so that it is important to comb the hair many times a day.
The Pekingese loves to be treated like a king. This race loves to be the centre of attention. Because of this, it is quite easy to comb its hair.
To teach him a command, the owner has to be a very patient and consequent person. The Pekingese is a quite willful dog, so it sometimes could be difficult. The education works well, when the Pekingese understands, who the owner and the top dog is. If it does not understand this, it could also have an aggressive behaviour.
Required Traits for Showing:
The Standard of 2009/2010 claimes, that Pekingeses have to have a big head with not too big eyes and a short nose. The dog's muzzle has to be visible, but it can be short and broad.
There are no health problemes, especially with the airways or the paws allowed.
Especially the big, foregoing eyes can cause a health problem. They are easily irrited and become infected. Also the short nose can cause a problem. The airways can be related. Because of that a lot of Pekingeses, even young dogs, become deseased by asthma.
The owner has to comb the Pekingese's hair many times a day, to avoid tangles.
The life expectancy is about 12 to 15 years.