„Ogarul polonez”, numit și Chart Polski este cunoscut din secolul al XIII-lea și poate fi identificat după reprezentările sale în artă și literatură. Există o înrudire evidentă din punct de vedere al aspectului cu ogarul rusesc, barzoiul, și cu ogarii asiatici. Ca și la aproape toți ogarii, s-au realizat încrucișări cu exemplare de Greyhound. Acest fapt se datorează în special faptului că în acea epocă, majoritatea nobililor aveau și câini din rasa Greyhound la curte. Cu toate acestea, este evident că ogarul polonez a rămas neschimbat în tipologia sa.
Chart polski a fost considerată o rasă dispărută după cel de-Al Doilea Război Mondial și a putut fi „înviată” pentru că existau câteva exemplare la pădurari, ce păstrau acești câini pentru vânătoarea de pradă.
Character and Temperament
The Polish Greyhound is not as soft-tempered as other hounds. A very devoted dog, the Chart Polski will become one with the family. They are affectionate dogs and will enjoy rough play, which is why younger family members should be careful, considering the sheer size of the dogs.
They are suspicious towards strangers and they are extremely territorial. Very protective animals, they make excellent guard dogs. Developed for hunting, they are exceptionally aggressive towards other animals, including dogs. This may be because they were known to hunt not only small animals, but wolves, as well. No more than one other dog of opposite sex should be kept in close company.
Most Polish Greyhound are individualists when it comes to training, and some are quite stubborn. They take a good deal of time and effort to train thoroughly. When hunting or chasing animals, it’s virtually impossible to determine it to return to its master, and it will not rest until the prey is killed. They should, therefore, be kept in tall, large, enclosed areas and on a lead whenever outside.
A hunting dog that outruns its prey with great agility, force and speed, the Chart Polski is large, lean, slender and light. The average male reaches 27.5 to 31.5 inches in height at the shoulder, and an average female stands about 2 inches shorter. There is some variation in size, though. Weight is a factor of gender, height and build, but most weigh 50 to 75 pounds. The ribs can be clearly visible, giving the impression of a neglected dog. The tail is relatively long, with a heavily curved tip, sometimes fully coiled. The tail usually hangs down when at rest, but is brought level with the body when in motion.
Much like other sighthounds, its head and face are narrow, with a muzzle equal or greater in length to the skull. The muzzle tapers off, but the nose is blunt. The lips are well-defined, but they never droop. The nose is always large and dark, but the ears can be folded back, rose, tipped or erect. The eyes are almond-shaped, oblique and large. The colour can range from black to amber, but darker is preferable.
The Chart Polski’s coat is short, but much longer than the English Greyhound’s. It should be springy, but not wiry, shorter on the legs and torso and slightly longer on the rest of the body. Any colour is allowed, and the most common are: solid white, black and tan, tri-colour, and brindle.
The Polish Greyhound will live 12 to 15 years with adequate care and it will produce a litter of four to eight puppies. Studies have yet to be made concerning the genetic makeup of this breed, so definitive connections can’t be made between certain diseases and the breed. As the breed was developed for hunting, natural selection has impeded certain traits from carrying forward, so owners usually report an excellent constitution for their dogs, some of which live up to 15 years in good health. This is a low-maintenance breed, with only occasional brushing necessary to ensure adequate grooming.